Tiling image using precache.php

April 21, 2008

Kamap come with some features that usefull to make web browser loading more faster that usually. One of the feature is precache.php. This script has a function to create tiling image.This is another option to view yout spastial data from your browser like as google maps. Yeah like as google taste.

The basic skill if you want to tiling using precache, step one you have to install mapserver on your computer. Next step you have to understand what is and how to create mapfiles.

Here we go on detail how to tiling your spatial data.

exp: you have ms4w installed on root directory c:/ on your computer. You have kamap on under folder apps with the name is map. You already configure the name of your kamap browser on httpd.d. Your mapfile location on c:/ms4w/apps/kamap/ and the name is peta.map

1. Please test your mapfile using shp2img to test your mapfile first in order to make sure that mapfile on the correct format.

open your command line DOS and type this command.
cd \ms4w\apps\kamap
c:\ms4w\apps\kamap>c:\ms4w\apache\cgi-bin\shp2img.exe -m peta.map -o peta.png

If your mapfile is valid you will see the png image (peta.png) on the c:/ms4w/apps/kamap/

2. Normally your kamap 


How To Install MapServer on Windows

April 2, 2008

This is original “how to install MS4W on your windows machine” from DM Solutions Groups Inc.

Please follow step by step.

MapServer for Windows (MS4W)

:Author: Jeff McKenna, `DM Solutions Group Inc.`_
:Contact: `Mailing List`_
:Revision: $Revision: 1.45 $
:Last Updated: $Date: 2008/02/08 21:23:18 $

.. _`DM Solutions Group Inc.`: http://www.dmsolutions.ca/
.. _`Mailing List`: http://lists.maptools.org/mailman/listinfo/ms4w-users

.. contents:: Table of Contents
:depth: 3
:backlinks: top


Welcome to MS4W, the quick and easy installer for setting
up MapServer For Windows and its accompanying applications
(e.g., Chameleon, MapLab,etc.). The purpose of this package
is to allow novice to advanced MapServer users to quickly
install a MapServer development environment on their
Windows systems. The reasons for needing to do this are
diverse but, in general, this package supports: developers
who want to get to a stable state quickly, trainers who
need an easily-installed configuration identical across
multiple installs, and novices who need help just getting
all the needed bits and pieces together.


The MS4W package is designed to perform a full installation
of Apache, PHP, MapServer CGI, MapScript (CSharp, Java,
PHP, Python), and to provide the capability to install
additional applications easily and quickly. The simplest
way to do this on Windows is to provide a predetermined
directory structure and force everything into that mold.

The directory structure, while fixed within itself, is
designed to be somewhat portable. While it needs to be
installed at the root of a hard drive, it doesn’t have to
be the C: drive. Moving the package to the root of a
different drive is simple – just copy it there. To move it
to a subdirectory is more difficult – you’ll need to search
for /ms4w in all the files and replace it with your new

The design also accommodates simple upgrades to the core
package and to applications, without affecting the local
configuration or the configuration of other installed


The following are included in the base package:

– Apache version 2.2.8

– PHP version 5.2.5 (MS4W 2.x) or 4.4.4 (MS4W 1.x)

– MapServer 5.0.2 CGI and MapScript (CSharp, Java, PHP,

– support GD 2.0.35, FreeType 2.1.10, GDAL/OGR 1.5.0,
libcurl 7.15.1, FastCGI, AGG 2.4

– mapserver utilities

– gdal/ogr utilities

– proj.4 utilities

– shp2tile utility

– shapelib utilities

– shpdiff utility

– avce00 utilities

– PHP_OGR Extension 1.1.1

– OWTChart 1.2.0

– DEMtools utilities

MapServer Version Information



MapServer Build Environment

Compiled using Howard Butler’s `MapServer buildkit`_

.. _`MapServer buildkit`: http://download.osgeo.org/buildkit/

Library Versions Used to build this version of MapServer:


php-5.2.5 (MS4W 2.x)
php-4.4.4 (MS4W 1.x)
tiff-cvs (02/04/08)


– C# MapScript: compiled against .NET 1.1 runtime

– Java MapScript: compiled against Java 1.6.0_01

– PHP MapScript: built for PHP 5 (MS4W 2.x),
or PHP 4 (MS4W 1.x)

– Python MapScript: compiled against Python 2.5.1

*Perl, TCL, and Ruby MapScript are not in this MS4W release*

OGR Formats Supported

See the `OGR formats page`_ for full driver descriptions.

.. _OGR formats page: http://www.gdal.org/ogr/ogr_formats.html


“ESRI Shapefile” (read/write)
“MapInfo File” (read/write)
“UK .NTF” (readonly)
“SDTS” (readonly)
“TIGER” (read/write)
“S57” (read/write)
“DGN” (read/write)
“VRT” (readonly)
“REC” (readonly)
“Memory” (read/write)
“BNA” (read/write)
“CSV” (read/write)
“GML” (read/write)
“GPX” (read/write)
“KML” (read/write)
“GeoJSON” (read/write)
“GMT” (read/write)
“SQLite” (read/write)
“ODBC” (read/write)
“PGeo” (readonly)
“PostgreSQL” (read/write)
“MySQL” (read/write)
“AVCBin” (readonly)

Oracle – see `GDAL/OGR Plugins` section of this document to enable
SDE – see `GDAL/OGR Plugins` section of this document to enable

GDAL Formats Supported

See the `GDAL formats page`_ for full driver descriptions.

.. _GDAL formats page: http://www.gdal.org/formats_list.html


VRT (rw+): Virtual Raster
GTiff (rw+): GeoTIFF
NITF (rw+): National Imagery Transmission Format
RPFTOC (ro): Raster Product Format TOC format
HFA (rw+): Erdas Imagine Images (.img)
CEOS (ro): CEOS Image
JAXAPALSAR (ro): JAXA PALSAR Product Reader (Level 1.1/1.5)
GFF (ro): Ground-based SAR Applications Testbed File Format (.gff)
ELAS (rw+): ELAS
AIG (ro): Arc/Info Binary Grid
AAIGrid (rw): Arc/Info ASCII Grid
SDTS (ro): SDTS Raster
DTED (rw): DTED Elevation Raster
PNG (rw): Portable Network Graphics
MEM (rw+): In Memory Raster
JDEM (ro): Japanese DEM (.mem)
GIF (rw): Graphics Interchange Format (.gif)
ESAT (ro): Envisat Image Format
FITS (rw+): Flexible Image Transport System
BSB (ro): Maptech BSB Nautical Charts
XPM (rw): X11 PixMap Format
BMP (rw+): MS Windows Device Independent Bitmap
AirSAR (ro): AirSAR Polarimetric Image
RS2 (ro): RadarSat 2 XML Product
PCIDSK (rw+): PCIDSK Database File
PCRaster (rw): PCRaster Raster File
ILWIS (rw+): ILWIS Raster Map
SGI (ro): SGI Image File Format 1.0
SRTMHGT (rw): SRTMHGT File Format
Leveller (rw+): Leveller heightfield
Terragen (rw+): Terragen heightfield
GMT (rw): GMT NetCDF Grid Format
netCDF (rw): Network Common Data Format
PNM (rw+): Portable Pixmap Format (netpbm)
DOQ1 (ro): USGS DOQ (Old Style)
DOQ2 (ro): USGS DOQ (New Style)
ENVI (rw+): ENVI .hdr Labelled
EHdr (rw+): ESRI .hdr Labelled
GenBin (ro): Generic Binary (.hdr Labelled)
PAux (rw+): PCI .aux Labelled
MFF (rw+): Vexcel MFF Raster
MFF2 (rw+): Vexcel MFF2 (HKV) Raster
FujiBAS (ro): Fuji BAS Scanner Image
GSC (ro): GSC Geogrid
FAST (ro): EOSAT FAST Format
BT (rw+): VTP .bt (Binary Terrain) 1.3 Format
LAN (ro): Erdas .LAN/.GIS
CPG (ro): Convair PolGASP
IDA (rw+): Image Data and Analysis
NDF (ro): NLAPS Data Format
DIPEx (ro): DIPEx
ISIS3 (ro): USGS Astrogeology ISIS cube (Version 3)
ISIS2 (ro): USGS Astrogeology ISIS cube (Version 2)
PDS (ro): NASA Planetary Data System
ERS (rw+): ERMapper .ers Labelled
ECW (rw): ERMapper Compressed Wavelets
JP2ECW (rw+): ERMapper JPEG2000
L1B (ro): NOAA Polar Orbiter Level 1b Data Set
FIT (rw): FIT Image
MrSID (ro): Multi-resolution Seamless Image Database (MrSID)
JP2MrSID (ro): MrSID JPEG2000
RMF (rw+): Raster Matrix Format
WCS (ro): OGC Web Coverage Service
WMS (ro): OGC Web Map Service
MSGN (ro): EUMETSAT Archive native (.nat)
RST (rw+): Idrisi Raster A.1
INGR (rw+): Intergraph Raster
GSAG (rw+): Golden Software ASCII Grid (.grd)
GSBG (rw+): Golden Software Binary Grid (.grd)
GS7BG (ro): Golden Software 7 Binary Grid (.grd)
COSAR (ro): COSAR Annotated Binary Matrix (TerraSAR-X)
TSX (ro): TerraSAR-X Product
COASP (ro): DRDC COASP SAR Processor Raster
RIK (ro): Swedish Grid RIK (.rik)
USGSDEM (rw): USGS Optional ASCII DEM (and CDED)
GXF (ro): GeoSoft Grid Exchange Format
HTTP (ro): HTTP Fetching Wrapper
HDF5 (ro): Hierarchical Data Format Release 5
HDF5Image (ro): HDF5 Dataset
ADRG (rw+): ARC Digitized Raster Graphics

SDE raster – see `GDAL/OGR Plugins` section of this
document to enable

Directory Structure

– ms4w/
– the main directory, assumed to be at the root of a
drive, normally C:

– ms4w/Apache
– the Apache installation

– ms4w/Apache/bin
– the Apache binaries

– ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin
– the location of mapserv.exe and its supporting
libraries, and php.ini, php.exe.

– ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin/ignored-libmap
– location of the libmap dll for Oracle
(see the “Plugins” section of this document)

– ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin/mapscript
– location of CSharp, Java, and Python mapscript files

– ms4w/Apache/conf
– the Apache configuration files. These should not be
modified.  Place all application-specific and local
httpd.conf files in /ms4w/httpd.d (see the README.txt
in that directory)

– ms4w/Apache/error
– error files for Apache to use

– ms4w/Apache/htdocs
– the Apache Web root directory, you shouldn’t install
much in here except perhaps for testing.

– ms4w/Apache/icons
– icons used by Apache

– ms4w/Apache/include
– include directory for compiling against Apache

– ms4w/Apache/lib
– lib files for building against Apache

– ms4w/Apache/logs
– log files for Apache are stored here, this should be
archived or cleaned every so often.

– ms4w/Apache/manual
– the Apache manual pages.

– ms4w/Apache/modules
– modules for Apache

– ms4w/Apache/php
– the PHP installation

– ms4w/Apache/php/ext (MS4W 2.x)
– location of phpmapscript dll

– ms4w/Apache/php/extensions (MS4W 1.x)
– location of phpmapscript dll

– ms4w/Apache/proxy
– apache proxy configurations, not used by MS4W

– ms4w/Apache/specialplugins
– location of the plugin dlls for SDE
(see the “Plugins” section of this document)

– ms4w/apps
– put all applications in subdirectories here.

– ms4w/gdaldata
– supporting files for GDAL data formats

– ms4w/gdalplugins
– place dlls here that are required for gdal plugins
e.g. ‘oci_OCI.dll’

– ms4w/httpd.d
– put all application-specific and local httpd.conf files
here (see the README.txt in that directory)

– ms4w/proj
– an installation of PROJ.4
– the epsg file used is /ms4w/proj/nad/epsg

– ms4w/python
– associated python files, including gdal bindings
and a simple test script

– ms4w/tmp
– temporary files go here. This should be cleaned

– ms4w/tmp/ms_tmp
– temporary files that need to be Web-accessible go
here (i.e. image files created by mapserver). This is
available as /ms_tmp/ via URL. Normally this means
that your MAP files would have an IMAGEPATH of
/ms4w/tmp/ms_tmp/ and a IMAGEURL of /ms_tmp/

– ms4w/tools
– contains useful tools such as the gdal/ogr utilities
and mapserv utilities (note that before running these
you must execute the /ms4w/setenv.bat script in
your command window)

How to Install MS4W

A. Upgrading from an older version of MS4W

If you already have MS4W installed please do the following:

– open a DOS command window and execute the file
‘/ms4w/apache-uninstall.bat’ at the commandline.  This
file will stop and uninstall your Apache service.  You
should see the following message flash in the command


The “Apache MS4W Web Server” service is stopping.
The “Apache MS4W Web Server” service has stopped.

Removing the “Apache MS4W Web Server” service
The “Apache MS4W Web Server” service has been removed

– your old apache service has now been removed

– make sure no files or other services point the your ms4w
folder.  If your browser is currently open and you are a
viewing an ms4w page you will not be able to rename the
ms4w folder.  Therefore you must close all ms4w documents,
all ms4w browser windows…make sure no running files
point to the ms4w folder.

– rename the old ms4w folder to something like ‘ms4w-old’

– extract the ms4w_xx.zip file to the root of a
drive on your machine

– if successful, you should have a new directory named ‘ms4w’
at the root of the drive you chose (e.g. C:/ms4w or D:/ms4w ).

– follow the rest of the install instructions in
/ms4w/README_INSTALL.txt to start apache…

B. Extracting MS4W for the first time

Please read through the following instructions before
starting your installation.

1. To install the MS4W .zip file, use a compression program
(e.g. WinZip) to extract the package at the root of a
drive, e.g., drive C:\. If successful, you should have a
new directory named ‘ms4w’ at the root of the drive you
chose (e.g. C:/ms4w).

2. Start your MS4W Apache Web Server by running
/ms4w/apache-install.bat (at the command line or by
double-clicking it). This file installs Apache as a
Windows service (called “Apache Web Server”) so that it
starts whenever your machine is restarted.  When
executed, a DOS window should pop up with the following


Installing the Apache MS4W Web Server service
The Apache MS4W Web Server service is successfully installed.
Testing httpd.conf….
Errors reported here must be corrected before the service
can be started.
The Apache MS4W Web Server service is starting.
The Apache MS4W Web Server service was started successfully.

This means that Apache is running and installed as a

**NOTE for Win95,98,ME users:**

You will not be able to install Apache as a service, so
instead you will have to manually start Apache each time,
by clicking on /ms4w/Apache/bin/httpd.exe.  An empty DOS
window will open, which means Apache is running.  To stop
Apache you will have to close this empty DOS window.

3. To test that Apache is running properly, open your Web
browser and find your local host Web service by entering
one of the following URLs:




You should now see the main MS4W page in your Web
browser. This gives you general information about your
install along with configuration information. If this is
your first time using MS4W it is very important that you
review the listed “Features” installed within MS4W, and
test them by selecting each link found on this page.

4. Technically, at this point, MS4W is installed! However,
as you may have noticed from the MS4W main index.html
page, there are no applications running. What this means
is that there are no Web applications like MapLab or
Chameleon found within MS4W’s Web-accessible directory,
/ms4w/apps/. The MS4W-configured Web applications can
be found on http://maptools.org/ms4w/index.phtml?page=downloads.html
as separate zip files.

5. To install these Web application into /ms4w/apps/ all
that is required is to unzip the Web application
compressed file at the same root directory as MS4W
(e.g., C:\).

Two things should happen when uncompressing this file.
First, the Web application directory should appear
within /ms4w/apps/.  Second, a new httpd_*.conf file
should be added to /ms4w/httpd.d/httpd_*.conf. (The
/httpd.d/ directory contains Apache configuration files
that define which files on your computer/server are
Web-accessible. For each Web application that you
install, a new configuration file will be found.)

6. The definitions of these Web-accessible directories are
called Web Aliases. In order to activate a Web Alias you
must restart Apache.  To test your latest installed
application, go to the MS4W main index.html page (i.e.,
http://localhost/). In the applications section you
should now find a link to the application you just
installed. Select the link to the recently installed
application to see if it is configured correctly. Another
option is find the Web Alias for your application and
call it from your Web browser directly. For example, if
you have installed the latest MS4W version of MapLab,
the chances are the Web Alias is “maplab”. To go to the
MapLab index page, simply enter http://localhost/maplab/.

Note: Applications with configuration files (e.g., MapLab
and Chameleon) generally do not require any editing of
their files in order to work. Just unzip to the
appropriate driver root and restart Apache.

WARNING: It is very possible that you may wish (but not
encouraged!) to run multiple versions of the same
product. For example, Maplab 2.0 (mapserver_36) vs.
MapLab 2.1 (mapserver_4.0). When installing these ms4w
MapLab application packages, you will notice when
unzipping MapLab that the httpd_maplab.conf file found
under ./ms4w/httpd.d/ will be overwritten by the MapLab
you are currently installing. The reason for this is
that the MapLab Alias stays the same from version to new
version of MapLab. So, if you overwrite the
httpd_maplab.conf when unzipping and then restart Apache,
you will get the latest version of Maplab that you just
installed. To run both MapLab simply follow the
instructions in Step 7.

7. You also can create new Web Alias(es). To configure your
own personal Web Alias(es), follow the instructions in

C. Special Notes for Microsoft Vista

In order to run the apache-install.bat file, you must do
the following:

1. In Windows Explorer, goto the location of your cmd.exe
file (C:/Windows/System32)

2. Right-click the cmd.exe executable and choose `Run as

3. Navigate to your ms4w folder in the command prompt window
and run apache-install.bat

D. Plugins

Oracle 10g

For OGR support of Oracle, MS4W >= 1.5.0 includes
ogr_OCI.dll in /ms4w/gdalplugins/ignored/, which is built
for Oracle 10g.

Steps to Enable Oracle 10g Support in MS4W

1. Make sure you have Oracle 10g client software installed
on your machine (the same machine that you are running
MS4W on).

2. Replace the existing libmap.dll in /ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin/
with the one in the

3. Move the ogr_OCI.dll plugin file up from
/ms4w/gdalplugins/ignored/oracle-10g/ into /ms4w/gdalplugins/

If this is successful, executing the following at the
commandline (after setting /ms4w/setenv.bat)
“ogrinfo –formats” should list the OCI driver.

4. Restart Apache to be safe.

5. For mapfile configuration see


For OGR support of ESRI’s ArcSDE, MS4W >= 1.5.0 includes
ogr_SDE.dll in /ms4w/gdalplugins/ignored/, which is built
for ArcSDE 9.1.

Steps to Enable SDE 9.1 and 9.2 Support in MS4W’s MapServer

The following steps apply as of MapServer 5.0 (including the betas and
release candidates):

1. Make sure the ArcSDE SDK dlls for your SDE version are available on
your machine (the same machine that you are running MS4W on).

Here are some more specific ‘rules’ in terms of the ArcSDE SDK:

– If you have to connect to both ArcSDE X.1 and X.2 servers, use
the X.2 version of the ArcSDE SDK.  You can usually connect to
a X.1 version server with X.2 version client DLLs without ill effects.
– To connect to X.2 servers, you *must* use X.2 versions of the
– Do not use both the X.1 and X.2 versions of the plugins in the
same MapServer map if you have to connect to both X.1 and X.2
version servers.  Just use X.2.

2. Modify your SDE layer in your mapfile to use the CONNECTIONTYPE PLUGIN
parameter and point to the appropriate plugin using the PLUGIN parameter:

Example#1: SDE 9.1 layer



CONNECTION “your server parameters”
PLUGIN “c:/ms4w/apache/specialplugins/msplugin_sde_91.dll”
DATA “your data parameters”

END # layer

Example#2: SDE 9.2 layer



CONNECTION “your server parameters”
PLUGIN “c:/ms4w/apache/specialplugins/msplugin_sde_92.dll”
DATA “your data parameters”

END # layer

See the ArcSDE section of `MapServer’s Vector Data Access`_ doc for
help with the SDE CONNECTION and DATA parameters.

.. _`MapServer’s Vector Data Access`: http://mapserver.gis.umn.edu/docs/reference/vector_data/arcsde

3. Move the ogr_SDE.dll and gdal_SDE.dll plugin files up from
/ms4w/gdalplugins/ignored/sde-x/ into /ms4w/gdalplugins/

If this is successful, executing the following at the
commandline (after setting /ms4w/setenv.bat)
“ogrinfo –formats” and “gdalinfo –formats” should list
the SDE drivers.

4. Restart Apache to be safe.

E. MapScript configuration

MS4W >= 1.5.0 includes pre-built support files for csharp,
java, and python mapscript.  In order to make use of these,
however, they must be installed and configured in the
appropriate locations on your system.


1. Files are located in “/ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin/mapscript/csharp“

2. See http://mapserver.gis.umn.edu/docs/howto/mapscriptcscompile
for installation notes.


1. Files are located in “/ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin/mapscript/java“

2. See http://mapserver.gis.umn.edu/docs/howto/java_mapscript_Tomcat_55
for installation notes.


Obtaining Python

Obviously, in order to run Python mapscript, you need to have
a python installed.  The Python mapscript support files
included in this distribution are built for Python 2.4.x;
they will not work with earlier or later Python versions.
Windows Python binaries can be obtained free of charge from
ActiveState_ or the Python_ site.

.. _ActiveState: http://www.activestate.com/Products/ActivePython/
.. _Python: http://www.python.org

See the respective sites for Python installation information.

Installing the Python Mapscript Support Files

Quick and dirty (for use with ms4w only)

1. Unpack “/ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin/mapscript/python/mapscript*win32.zip“
in a safe location

2. In the directory structure that results from the above
step, navigate to

3. You should find three files there:
– _mapscript.pyd
– mapscript.py
– mapscript.pyc

4. Copy the three files into the “/ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin“

5. Place any python cgi scripts that you want to run under
ms4w in the “/ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin“ directory, and add
a “shebang” line at the top of each script.  See the
section on `Configuring Apache to run Python scripts`_
below for shebang-line details.

More robust (for system-wide access)

1. Unpack “/ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin/mapscript/python/mapscript*win32.zip“
in a safe location

2. In the directory structure that results from the above
step, navigate to “\Python-2.4.2\Lib\site-packages“

3. You should find three files there:
– _mapscript.pyd
– mapscript.py
– mapscript.pyc

4. Copy the three files into the site-packages directory of
your Python 2.4.x installation
(eg., “C:\Python24\Lib\site-packages“)

5. Add “<drive_letter>:\ms4w\Apache\cgi-bin“ to your
system’s PYTHONPATH environment variable.

Configuring Apache to Run Python Scripts

You have a couple of options here:

via shebang lines

This may be the preferred approach if you have multiple
Python installations on your machine.

Add a “shebang line” to the top of each python cgi script
in “/ms4w/apache/cgi-bin“.  This line must be the first
line in the script, and it must begin with #! followed by
the path to your systems python executable.  For example:


#!c:/python24/python.exe -u

The “-u“ option shown above causes the script to use
unbuffered output, which is generally what you need in
web-serving contexts.

via Apache directives

This approach obviates the need to edit every python script
in your cgi-bin directory; however, it may be problematic
if you have multiple Python installations.

Add the following line to the end of


ScriptInterpreterSource Registry

You may also want to add these:



The first of the above lines causes your python scripts to
use unbuffered output (which you probably want), while the
second passes the value of your system’s PYTHONPATH
environment variable through to Apache’s environment
(if set).

Testing the Configuration

Follow these steps to test your Python MapScript

1. Move the file “/ms4w/python/test-cgi-mapscript.py“
into the “/ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin/“ folder.

2. Open the file in a text editor.

3. Edit the first line of that script to point to your
proper Python path.

4. In your web browser goto

5. The script tests that the Python CGI is working, and
that the mapscript module can be successfully imported.

If successful you will see an HTML page listing several
environment settings on your machine, as well a list of
the Python MapScript module attributes at the bottom
of the page.

Python Troubleshooting:

– If you get an Internal Server Error check the Apache logs
for info.

– Make sure your script points to a valid Python installation

– Make sure you are using a recent Python version
(containing the cgitb module).

F. FastCGI

MS4W >= 2.2.2 contains MapServer built with FastCGI support.
It does not however contain the required Apache module
mod_fcgi.  See the `FastCGI Howto`_ for more information.

.. _`FastCGI Howto`: http://mapserver.gis.umn.edu/docs/howto/fastcgi

G. Troubleshooting

**Warning: dl(): Unable to load dynamic library

1. Verify that the dll in question exists in the
specified location (/ms4w/Apache/php/extensions/).  If
this dll is not in that location, you might have to
modify the application to point to a different version of
the dll (e.g. you might have *php_mapscript.dll* in
the extensions directory, and your application might be
configured for *php_mapscript_48.dll* which is not in the
extensions directory).

2. This php_mapscript dll requires several other dlls, and
the problem may be that one is missing on your system.
In order to hopefully get more information on what dll
is missing, go to a command prompt, and do the following:


cd ms4w\Apache\cgi-bin

php C:/ms4w/Apache/htdocs/phpinfo_mapscript.php

A windows error window should open with a message like:


The dynamic link library ***** could not be found in
the specified path…

Locate this missing dll and copy it either to
/ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin/ or your system32 folder.

3. If you are still unsure what dll is causing this *unable
to load dynamic library* error, a useful utility to find
what associated dlls are missing on your system is
`Dependency Walker`_.  Download the utility, execute the
exe, and open your php_mapscript dll.

.. _`Dependency Walker`: http://www.dependencywalker.com/

**The dynamic link library MSVCP71.dll could not be found
in the specified path…**

This is a microsoft runtime library that is apparently not
on all Windows systems by default.  Download the dll
(possibly from `here`_) and copy it to your System32

.. _`here`: http://www.dll-files.com/dllindex/dll-files.shtml?msvcp71

**Clicking on apache-install.bat flashes a DOS window and
does not install the service**

To see the exact error message, open a Command window, and
execute the ‘apache-install.bat’ file from a DOS prompt.


cd ms4w


**Only one usage of each socket address (protocol/network
address/port) is normally permitted.  : make_sock: could not
bind to address no listening sockets available,
shutting down**

Apache with MS4W is configured to use port 80.  Your system
might be already using this port (IIS could cause this for
example).  If you want to change the port that Apache uses
modify the following file:



line 120: Listen 80

`TCPView`_ is an example of shareware that lets you see
how the ports on your machine are being used.

.. _`TCPView`: http://www.sysinternals.com/Utilities/TcpView.html

**The procedure entry point xxxx could not be located in the
dynamic link library xxx.dll**

Make sure that MapServer (or the utility that you are trying
to use) is actually using the ‘xxx.dll’ file that is part
of the MS4W package.  You could be experiencing ‘dll hell’
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DLL_hell) where MS4W is
actually finding an older dll on your system.  Try renaming
the other dll(s) of the same name, keeping the one in MS4W
as is, and retrying your application/command.

**Other Problems…**

1. Search the `mailing list archives`_ to see if someone has
encountered/solved your same issue.

.. _`mailing list archives`: http://lists.maptools.org/search.phtml?config=ms4w-users

2. If your issue has not been brought up on the mailing list
and dealt with, submit a question to the
`MS4W mailing list`_.  Include the steps to reproduce
your problem, and state your exact error message.  Also
specify which version of MS4W you are using.

.. _`MS4W mailing list`: http://lists.maptools.org/mailman/listinfo/ms4w-users

H. Modifying MS4W for an Installation not at the Drive Root

Do the following steps in a text editor:

1. Open /ms4w/Apache/conf/httpd.conf and search for “/ms4w/” and replace
with your new path from your drive root (such as “/Temp/ms4w/”)

2. Open /ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin/php.ini and search for “/ms4w/” and replace
with your new path from your drive root (such as “/Temp/ms4w/”)

3. Open all files in /ms4w/httpd.d and search for “/ms4w/” and replace
with your new path from your drive root (such as “/Temp/ms4w/”)

4. Open /ms4w/setenv.bat and search for “/ms4w/” and replace
with your new path from your drive root (such as “/Temp/ms4w/”)

5. Configure your add-on packages.  Using Chameleon as an example: Open
/ms4w/apps/chameleon/config/chameleon.xml and search for “/ms4w/” and
replace with your new path from your drive root (such as “/Temp/ms4w/”)

Recommendation: avoid installing MS4W in a path that contains spaces

I. Installing the MS4W MapServer Binaries in Other Environments

The following instructions will help non-MS4W users who want
to only use the MapServer binaries included in MS4W:

1. Download and extract the MS4W base package locally from `MapTools`_.

.. _`MapTools`: http://www.maptools.org/ms4w/index.phtml?page=downloads.html

2. Do not install the Apache service (apache-install.bat)

3. Copy the following necessary files from the
`/ms4w/apache/cgi-bin/` directory into your desired
cgi-bin directory:



4. For PHP/Mapscript, goto `/ms4w/Apache/php/ext/` and copy
the `php_mapscript.dll` file into your own PHP
extensions directory.  Csharp, Java, and Python mapscript
files can be found in `/ms4w/Apache/cgi-bin/mapscript/`

5. For the commandline utilities that come with MS4W (mapserv,
gdal, etc.) copy all of the `.exe` files from `/ms4w/tools/`
to a desired location, but be aware that these utilities
use dlls that were installed in the cgi-bin directory.
Therefore you must add your cgi-bin directory into your
Windows PATH environment variable before running the

6. Microsoft IIS users should refer to the `IIS Howto`_ for MapServer.

.. _`IIS Howto`: http://mapserver.gis.umn.edu/docs/howto/setupiis

Password Protection Configuration for Applications

The following section explains how to add password
authentication to your MS4W application.  However there are
many other possible settings in Apache for this, so please
consult the Apache HTTP Server documentation.

Here are the minimal step for password protection:

1. Modify your application’s httpd_xxx.conf file, so that
“AllowOverride None” is replaced with “AllowOverride
AuthConfig”, such as:


Alias /gmap/ “/ms4w/apps/gmap/htdocs/”

<Directory “/ms4w/apps/gmap/htdocs/”>
AllowOverride AuthConfig
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks Multiviews

2. Create a password file.

– open a DOS command window, and go to Apache’s bin

– enter the following (replace “jeff” with the username
you want to create, press ENTER and you will be
prompted for a password to create):


C:/ms4w/Apache/bin> htpasswd -c htpasswd.txt jeff

3. Create the htaccess file.

– create a file in your application directory
(/ms4w/apps/gmap/htdocs/ in this example) named

– the file should contain (you can modify it however you
wish though):


AuthType Basic
AuthUserFile C:/ms4w/Apache/bin/htpasswd.txt
AuthName “Password Required”

require valid-user

4. Restart Apache

– run /ms4w/apache-restart.bat

5. Access your application in a web browser.


– some Windows versions may have difficulty with the
‘.htaccess’ filename, so you might try naming it something
else, but you would have to modify Apache’s httpd.conf
file (/ms4w/Apache/conf/httpd.conf) and add your filename,
such as:


AccessFileName .htaccess yourfilename

‘htaccess.acl’ is recommended, such as:


AccessFileName .htaccess htaccess.acl

– a good reference is http://sniptools.com/tutorials/windows-apache-and-htaccess-authentication

MS4W Applications

The following applications come with a pre-configured
install package for MS4W. Go to
to find the desired package, and extract the packages to the
root of the drive that MS4W is installed on (e.g. C:\ ).

1) ArcIMS Emulator

2) Chameleon

3) dBox MapServer

4) FIST – Flexible Internet Spatial Template


6) ka-Map

7) MapBender

8) MapServer Itasca Demo Application

9) OGC Workshop

10) OpenLayers

11) GMap Sample PHP/MapScript Application

12) phpPgAdmin

13) p.mapper

About this Document

Copyright/Licensing Information

Copyright (c) 2003-2008, Jeff McKenna, DM Solutions Group Inc.

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
“Software”), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.


Portions of this computer program are copyright (c) 1995-2005 LizardTech,
Inc. All rights reserved. MrSID is protected by U.S. Patent No. 5,710,835.
Foreign Patents Pending.


Send any comments or suggestions to the MS4W mailing list, which you can
join at: http://lists.maptools.org/mailman/listinfo/ms4w-users

Instalasi Ka-map 1.0 di Windows

March 11, 2008


Salah satu webGIS opensource yang berkembang saat ini adalah Ka-map. Kamap dikembangkan sebagai interactive feature online web mapping yang diintegrasikan dengan web browser modern. Sebagian besar coding kamap di develop dengan menggunakan javascript API. Kamap versi terakhir saat ini adalah kamap 1.0. Kamap dapat di download di maptools.org.

Proses instalasi kamap cukup mudah, dengan asumsi mapserver sudah terinstal di komputer. Mapserver yang digunakan adalah MS4W (mapserver for windows). Mapserver dapat di download di maptools.org. Berdasarkan pengalaman ms4w dapat di install dengan mudah di mesin windows XP, Windows 2000 server, Windows 2003 server. Instalasi mapserver dapat dilihat pada kategori Chameleon.

Langkah instalasi sebagai berikut :

  1. Ekstrak file ka-map-1.0-20070205.zip di folder /ms4w/apps/
  2. Rename folder ka-map-1.0-20070205 menjadi kamap (yang ini hanya untuk kemudahan dalam pembuatan alias saja)
  3. Buat alias di folder httpd.d dengan menggunakan teks editor (notepad,psPad,TextPad, dll)dan ketikan perintah dibawah

Alias /kamap “/ms4w/apps/kamap/htdocs”
<Directory “/ms4w/apps/kamap/htdocs”>
AllowOverride None
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks Multiviews
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

Simpan dengan nama httpd_kamap.conf

Sampai disini proses instalasi telah selesai. Anda tinggal restart apache agar alias yang dibuat dikenali. Jika apache sudah di install sebagai services maka tinggal di stop dan kemudian dihidupkan kembali.

net stop “apache web server”

net start “apache web server”

Untuk mengakses kamap gunakan browser dengan alamat http://localhost/kamap. untuk saat ini anda tidak akan melihat hasilnya di browser karena masih ada yang belum dikerjakan, yaitu merubah seting ka-map dan membuat mapfile. Bagaimana cara merubah seting kamap serta membuat mapfile…silahkan baca tulisan saya selanjutnya.